Gross Motor Development
When babies reach 3 months old, they are able to control their upper body better. They can lift their heads and chests up. Sometimes they roll over on their own, from a lying on their back position to lying on their stomach position and reserve. Some babies begin to slither at 6 months of age, and some can sit up with support. When supported by us, their feet can start to support part of their body weight.
Taking into account the development requirment of this period, our Montessori teachers recommend a Montessori kickball with bells to encourage babies to use their arms and legs and and improve their movement.
This Montessori Patchball can be used later as a rolling ball, after babies start to crawl.
Fun things like bells, buttons or ribbons can also be sewn onto baby's socks. These will attract the baby's attention and they will try to get them to their mouths, thus developing their coordination skills.
We also have provided a basket of soft balls of different sizes and textures for the baby. Since these balls are soft and don't roll very fast, babies are able to grab them with one hand, then roll them and grab them again. They attract babies to move and crawl toward them.
We suggest that parents can set up a shelf for their baby and place the balls and other teaching aids on it. It should be within sight, but at a distance from the exercise mat so that the baby has to move to get to the teaching aids. If we put the toy in the baby's hand, they have little incentive to move. We put the toy or something that attracts the baby a little further away from them to encourage them to move. They will keep watching it, and one day they will try to move toward it, slowly but surely succeeding. Different babies will find different techniques for moving. Some will glide, some will roll. Each of these skills requires effort and perseverance on the part of our babies, and they are the beginning of building their character for life.
As our babies begin to slither, we can give roll the ball up near them, but not too fast or too far. These rolling objects encourage our babies to move and provide them with the satisfaction of achieving their goals, subconsciously teaching them that they are capable of doing things for themselves. They reach, they reach, they reach again, and then they catch! These small successes sink in with our babies. These little successes are deposits in our babies' confidence banks. They are building a basic trust in themselves and their abilities.
Between 4 and 6 months of age myelination develops in the shoulders and arms, and children begin to consciously reach for toys in front of them, take them in their hands and play with them or put them in their mouths and explore them. Their eyesight also becomes clear. If you watch, you will notice that they become almost obsessed with their hands. They look at their own hands for long periods of time. The grasping ability of babies during this period also develops rapidly, and the ability to reach and pinch with fingers becomes more precise, and eye-hand cooperation becomes more coordinated.
Therefore, we designed a series of grasping toys for this period to help them further develop the ability to grasp and reach. Due to the different shapes, textures and weights of the toys, babies are encouraged to use their hands in different ways. Rattles are made of different materials to provide them with different tactile experiences. For example, metal will feel cooler and smoother than wood. This collection also contains toys that make sounds by touching and shaking, thus stimulating babies' sense of hearing and increasing their interest in playing. It is worth noting that babies will put these toys in their mouths, so our toys are made of the safest natural materials.
Remember that each Child is different, the age we used is just an indication of a rough age range.
Explore the montessori material our teachers have create for babies in this stage, click the link here.
1.The Montessori Baby: A Parent's Guide to Nurturing Your Baby by Junnifa Uzodike and Simone Davies
2.The Absorbent Mind Book by Maria Montessori